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25 Oct 2022
As there have been no standard regulations on the construction of charging stations or station protection systems/devices, electric vehicle manufacturers in Vietnam face many difficulties when installing a network of charging stations.
A seminar was held recently to provide research and directions related to the step-by-step restriction of the production, assembly, and import of cars and motorcycles using fossil fuels from now to 2050, according to Decision No. 876/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister.
Within the framework of the talk, Mr. Vu Thang, Director of Vinfast Charging Station Development Center expressed difficulties: “During the construction of the charging station, we encountered many difficulties. The Ministry of Science and Technology has regulations in standards for charging posts, but no standard regulations on protection for systems/devices of these stations. During the construction process, we have to apply international equivalent standards.”
“Some other difficulties such as legal issues, instructions for installing charging stations in each specific location are often different; power source/level of power supply is uneven. Currently, we are focusing building stations for electric cars. For motorbikes, users may use their outlet at home at their convenience, so we want to build that later. Vinfast will develop charging stations that are usable for both cars and motorbikes”.
To explain Vinfast’s problems, Mr. Tran Quang Ha, Deputy Director of the Department of Science, Technology and Environment, Ministry of Transport said: “It is the responsibility to issue management standard regulations on the charging station system belongs to Ministry of Industry and Trade. According to the law on technical regulations and standards, when there are no specific national regulations, we will rely on the tech’s, business, or international set of standards.”
In the process of building a network of charging stations, Vinfast has met with opposition from locals due to fear of fire risk. To solve this problem, Prof. Dr. Le Anh Tuan, Chairman of the Council of Hanoi University of Science and Technology proposed: “We do not currently have a power grid plan to serve electric vehicles. This is the reason Vinfast is opposed for fear of fire and explosion. Of course, Vinfast must re-calculate to meet demands to develop a charging station system. Naturally, effectiveness will be limited. So, if there is a separate power grid plan for charging stations, it will be much better and safer.”
Also related to the need to add separate standards for electric vehicles, Mr. Pham Minh Thanh – Deputy Director of the Vietnam Registry Department, Ministry of Transport said: “Electric vehicles are similar to other vehicles (gasoline, diesel, etc.), so they must also ensure safety conditions and comply with the provisions of the Traffic Law. These two vehicle types are only different in energy source. Eventually, there will be self-driving cars, then there will be no steering wheel anymore. This is a very complex problem in the future, regarding management.”
At the same time, Mr. Pham Minh Thanh added that the Ministry of Transport has issued Regulation 09:2015/BGTVT, which basically ensures the technical safety control of environment for electric cars. However, the development process for electric vehicles is too fast, it is necessary to add more regulations on technologies, orientation of vehicle classification, technology to support automatic driving features, and classification of vehicles.
Experts believe that the National Standards and Technical Regulations currently do not really cover all issues of quality and vehicle safety for electric car users. However, the EV industry is growing rapidly globally. Therefore, to complete the restriction on the production, assembly, and import of fossil fuel vehicles, moving towards the use of green energy vehicles, the Ministries, Departments, experts need to sit down and promptly supplement the National Standards and Technical Regulations to fill the current gaps and shortcomings.
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